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The Importance of Iraq in The PKK Terrorist Organization’s Drugs Traffic

Year 2021, Volume 4, Issue 2, 65 - 69, 31.12.2021

Abstract

Turkey for a long time PKK, ISIS, etc. fight against terrorist organizations. The PKK terrorist organization has a feature that distinguishes it from other terrorist organizations; The PKK terrorist organization is a terrorist organization for many countries, but these countries can tolerate the PKK terrorist organization for their international purposes. The PKK terrorist organization is dangerous not only for countries with its armed actions, but also for countries because of its drug dealing. For this reason, young people and children under the age of 18 are adversely affected by the PKK's drug activities. Young people who are addicted to drugs in Turkey and Iraq because of the PKK can take their place with the PKK terrorist organization. In this study, the drug activities of the PKK terrorist organization in Turkey and Iraq are discussed. The PKK terrorist organization ideology was announced by the Marxist and Leninist (Communist) PKK terrorist organization. In this study, it has been tried to explain that the ideology of the PKK terrorist organization has transformed from communism to Kurdish nationalism and also to the PKK. It is a terrorist organization that has abandoned its ideology of "Kurdish Nationalism" and has no ideology with this exemplary incident.

References

  • Bayrakli, E., Yakçin. H. B., Yeşiltaş. M., (2009) “PKK organization in Europe” Turkey: Seta Pub.
  • CIA (Central Intelligence Agency), (2012), “The Kurdish Unsurgency in Turkey Report: 1985”, USA.
  • CIA (Central Intelligence Agency), (2012), “Heroin Traficking The Syrian Connection 2006”, USA.
  • Çetinöz. E., (2019) “Turkey and the fight against drugs in the World Report” Ankara: Police Academy Pub.
  • Dalar. M., (2015) “The Concept Of The Right Of Assıgnment Of Own Fate, Federation And Iraq Kurdistan Regional Management” Dicle University Faculty of Law Journal, Vol: 20, Num: 32.
  • Demir. C. K., (2017) “Turkey's PKK Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism Method” Nobel Pub., Ankara.
  • Karabulut. A., (2014) “Black Money: Area Research In Iraq” Istanbul: Bilge Oğuz Pub.
  • Manaz. A., (2017) “Political Islamism I: Political Islamism in the World” Istanbul: IQ Culture And Art Pub.
  • T.C. Ministry of Interior, (2017) “Exploitation of Children and Women by PKK/KCK Terorist Organization Report”, Ankara.
  • Union of Turkish Engineers and Architects Chambers Report, “Destroyed Cities Report ”, (2019) “DESTROYED CITIES REPORT ” Ankara.
  • UNODC, (2020) “World Drug Report 2020”, Vienna.
  • U.S. Department of State, (2020) “Operation Iherent Resolve 2020” U.S.
  • Üstün, O., (2010) “With Laundering Proceeds of Crime and Financing Terrorism Legal Arrangements on Struggle ”Bankers Magazine, Vol: 21, Num: 74, Istanbul.
  • Williams, P., Brown, V. F., (2012), “Drug Trafficking, Violence, And Instability” Strategic Studies Institute, JSTOR, US Army War College, U.S.
  • AA., “An operation against the Italian terrorist organization YPG / PKK from the Italian police” Release date: 09.15.2018 https://www.aa.com.tr/tr/dunya/italya-polisinden-teror-orgutu-ypg-pkk-mensubu-italyana-operasyon/1255401 Date of Access: 04.12.2020.
  • Al-Aqili, “Drugs in Iraq” Release Date: 08.31.2020, https://m.annabaa.org/arabic/variety/20424 Date of Access: 12.03.2020.
  • Ali. M., Aso. S., “Sulaymaniyah financial capital of the PKK” Release Date: 08.30.2018, https://www.alaraby.co.uk/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%B5%D9%85%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%84%D8%AD%D8%B2%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%84-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%83%D8%B1%D8%AF%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A Date of Access: 12.03.2020.
  • Alkhaleejonline, “"PKK" and Iranian military recruitment in Shengal” Release Date: 05.01.2017 https://alkhaleejonline.net/%D8%A2%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A1/pkk-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%B8%D9%8A%D9%81-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D9%8A%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%B3%D9%86%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%B1 Date of Access: 12.03.2020.
  • Benjamin. F., Levitt. M., “Contending with the PKK's Narco-Terrorism” Release Date: 12.08.2020 https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/contending-with-the-pkks-narco-terrorism Date of Access: 02.12.2020. Freedman, B. ve Levitt, M. (2009), Contending With The PKK’s NarcoTerrorism, Release Date: 2009, https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policyanalysis/view/contending-with-the-pkks-narco-terrorism, Date of Access: 15.10.2018.
  • Haber7, “Savci Sayan: PKK has killed 100,000 Kurdish youth in the mountains for 40 years” Release Date: 11.19.2020 https://www.haber7.com/siyaset/haber/3035824-savci-sayan-pkk-40-yildir-100-bin-kurt-gencini-daglarda-oldurttu-oldurdu Date of Access: 04.12.2020.
  • Hurriyet, “Trench barricade balance sheet: 451,117 victims” Release Date: 07.03.2016 https://www.hurriyet.com.tr/gundem/hendek-barikat-bilancosu-451-117-magdur-40127335 Date of Access: 11.29.2020.
  • Salem., Z. And Bariş., K., “Iraq is a drug producing country” Release Date: 2019, https://www.alaraby.co.uk/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%82-%D8%AF%D9%88%D9%84%D8%A9-%D9%85%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%AC%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%84%D9%85%D8%AE%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%AA Date of Access: 09.12.2020.
  • Karkhki, A., “Smuggled medicines control 70 percent of the Iraqi market” Release Date, 2020, https://www.independentarabia.com Date of Access: 30.12.2020.
  • Nizar, A., “The phenomenon of the spread of drugs in Iraq” Release Date, 23.08.2017, https://saqrcenter.net/?p=575 Date of Access: 02.01.2020.

PKK Terör Örgütünün Uyuşturucu Trafiğinde Irak’ın Önemi

Year 2021, Volume 4, Issue 2, 65 - 69, 31.12.2021

Abstract

Türkiye uzun süredir PKK, IŞİD vb. terör örgütleriyle mücadele etmektedir. PKK terör örgütünü diğer terör örgütlerinden ayıran bir özelliği vardır ki bu da PKK terror örgütü birçok ülke için terör örgütüdür ancak bu ülkeler uluslararası amaçları için PKK terror örgütüne müsamaha gösterebilmektedir. PKK terör örgütü silahlı eylemleri haricinde yapmış olduğu uyuşturucu ticareti nedeniyle de ülkeler için tehlikelidir. Bu nedenle pek çok ülke de gençler ve 18 yaş altı çocuklar PKK'nın uyuşturucu faaliyetlerinden olumsuz etkilenmektedir. PKK nedeniyle Türkiye ve Irak'ta uyuşturucu bağımlısı olan gençler, bu sayede PKK terör örgütü ile birlikte yer alabilmektedir. Bu çalışmada PKK terör örgütünün Türkiye ve Irak'taki uyuşturucu faaliyetleri ele alınmıştır. PKK terör örgütü ideolojisi Marksist ve Leninist (Komünist) PKK terör örgütü tarafından açıklandı. Bu çalışmada PKK terör örgütü ideolojisinin komünizmden Kürt milliyetçiliğine ve ayrıca PKK'ya dönüştüğü anlatılmaya çalışılmıştır. "Kürt Milliyetçiliği" ideolojisini terk eden ve bu örnek olayla ideolojisi olmayan bir terör örgütüdür.

References

  • Bayrakli, E., Yakçin. H. B., Yeşiltaş. M., (2009) “PKK organization in Europe” Turkey: Seta Pub.
  • CIA (Central Intelligence Agency), (2012), “The Kurdish Unsurgency in Turkey Report: 1985”, USA.
  • CIA (Central Intelligence Agency), (2012), “Heroin Traficking The Syrian Connection 2006”, USA.
  • Çetinöz. E., (2019) “Turkey and the fight against drugs in the World Report” Ankara: Police Academy Pub.
  • Dalar. M., (2015) “The Concept Of The Right Of Assıgnment Of Own Fate, Federation And Iraq Kurdistan Regional Management” Dicle University Faculty of Law Journal, Vol: 20, Num: 32.
  • Demir. C. K., (2017) “Turkey's PKK Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism Method” Nobel Pub., Ankara.
  • Karabulut. A., (2014) “Black Money: Area Research In Iraq” Istanbul: Bilge Oğuz Pub.
  • Manaz. A., (2017) “Political Islamism I: Political Islamism in the World” Istanbul: IQ Culture And Art Pub.
  • T.C. Ministry of Interior, (2017) “Exploitation of Children and Women by PKK/KCK Terorist Organization Report”, Ankara.
  • Union of Turkish Engineers and Architects Chambers Report, “Destroyed Cities Report ”, (2019) “DESTROYED CITIES REPORT ” Ankara.
  • UNODC, (2020) “World Drug Report 2020”, Vienna.
  • U.S. Department of State, (2020) “Operation Iherent Resolve 2020” U.S.
  • Üstün, O., (2010) “With Laundering Proceeds of Crime and Financing Terrorism Legal Arrangements on Struggle ”Bankers Magazine, Vol: 21, Num: 74, Istanbul.
  • Williams, P., Brown, V. F., (2012), “Drug Trafficking, Violence, And Instability” Strategic Studies Institute, JSTOR, US Army War College, U.S.
  • AA., “An operation against the Italian terrorist organization YPG / PKK from the Italian police” Release date: 09.15.2018 https://www.aa.com.tr/tr/dunya/italya-polisinden-teror-orgutu-ypg-pkk-mensubu-italyana-operasyon/1255401 Date of Access: 04.12.2020.
  • Al-Aqili, “Drugs in Iraq” Release Date: 08.31.2020, https://m.annabaa.org/arabic/variety/20424 Date of Access: 12.03.2020.
  • Ali. M., Aso. S., “Sulaymaniyah financial capital of the PKK” Release Date: 08.30.2018, https://www.alaraby.co.uk/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%B5%D9%85%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%84%D8%AD%D8%B2%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%84-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%83%D8%B1%D8%AF%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A Date of Access: 12.03.2020.
  • Alkhaleejonline, “"PKK" and Iranian military recruitment in Shengal” Release Date: 05.01.2017 https://alkhaleejonline.net/%D8%A2%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A1/pkk-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%B8%D9%8A%D9%81-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A5%D9%8A%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%B3%D9%86%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%B1 Date of Access: 12.03.2020.
  • Benjamin. F., Levitt. M., “Contending with the PKK's Narco-Terrorism” Release Date: 12.08.2020 https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/contending-with-the-pkks-narco-terrorism Date of Access: 02.12.2020. Freedman, B. ve Levitt, M. (2009), Contending With The PKK’s NarcoTerrorism, Release Date: 2009, https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policyanalysis/view/contending-with-the-pkks-narco-terrorism, Date of Access: 15.10.2018.
  • Haber7, “Savci Sayan: PKK has killed 100,000 Kurdish youth in the mountains for 40 years” Release Date: 11.19.2020 https://www.haber7.com/siyaset/haber/3035824-savci-sayan-pkk-40-yildir-100-bin-kurt-gencini-daglarda-oldurttu-oldurdu Date of Access: 04.12.2020.
  • Hurriyet, “Trench barricade balance sheet: 451,117 victims” Release Date: 07.03.2016 https://www.hurriyet.com.tr/gundem/hendek-barikat-bilancosu-451-117-magdur-40127335 Date of Access: 11.29.2020.
  • Salem., Z. And Bariş., K., “Iraq is a drug producing country” Release Date: 2019, https://www.alaraby.co.uk/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%82-%D8%AF%D9%88%D9%84%D8%A9-%D9%85%D9%86%D8%AA%D8%AC%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%84%D9%85%D8%AE%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%AA Date of Access: 09.12.2020.
  • Karkhki, A., “Smuggled medicines control 70 percent of the Iraqi market” Release Date, 2020, https://www.independentarabia.com Date of Access: 30.12.2020.
  • Nizar, A., “The phenomenon of the spread of drugs in Iraq” Release Date, 23.08.2017, https://saqrcenter.net/?p=575 Date of Access: 02.01.2020.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Humanities, Multidisciplinary
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Andaç KARABULUT (Primary Author)
0000-0002-5620-2344
Türkiye

Early Pub Date January 10, 2022
Publication Date December 31, 2021
Application Date August 13, 2021
Acceptance Date December 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 4, Issue 2

Cite

APA Karabulut, A. (2021). The Importance of Iraq in The PKK Terrorist Organization’s Drugs Traffic . Turkish Research Journal of Academic Social Science , 4 (2) , 65-69 . Retrieved from http://www.turkishsocialscience.com/en/pub/issue/68015/982579

ISSN: 2667-4491

20120

This work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

20119

Turkish Research Journal of Academic Social Science (TURAJAS) is indexed by the following national and international scientific indexing services:

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