Yıl 2020, Cilt 3 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 13 - 18 2020-12-31

Indian Citizenship Act: Reality and Usage

Muhammad TARIQ JAVED [1]

The paper examines purpose, usage and implications of recently promulgated Indian Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), passed by Indian parliament on 11 December, 2019.The Paper critically examines its impact on Muslim migrators who worked there as low skilled labourer. They kept to the generational old tradition of migrating to areas where more job opportunities were available. The areas where Muslim and other workers shifted for job became part of India after the partition. The coexistence could be possible due to labour demand, better political tolerability and absence of sense of alienation; being from the same ethnic and racial stock. Paper focuses on the negative implications of Indian Citizenship Act (CAA) which selectively targets the biggest minority in India. Study finds CAA politically purposeful and doctrinal in nature. Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu far right movement, influenced Prime Minister Modi who leads Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the proponent of Hindu fundamentalism, Hindutva. Hindutva doctrine considers all those who came from outside India; must leave or accept Hindu norms and even conversion to Hinduism; to make India a pure Hindu state. The Act entails the shades of RSS Hindu fundamentalist doctrine. The study concludes that CAA will result in increased insecurity and discontent among minorities in India especially Muslims and will results in an identity crisis. Study recommend positive resolution to alleviate the Muslim population’s discontent.
Indian Citizenship Act, Muslims, BJP, Pakistan, Hindu fundamentalism
  • Chakrabarti, P. K. (1990). The Marginal Men: The Refugees and the Left Political Syndrome in West Bengal. West Bengal (Calcuta): Lumiere Books,Google Scholar.
  • Chanwani, N. (2019, August 21). opinion. Retrieved from Time of Israe.
  • Chaudhry, S. (2019, December 13). Politics. Retrieved from washingtonpost.com: https://www.washingtonpost.com/ politics/2019/12/13/indias-new-law-may-leave-millions-muslims-without-citizenship/
  • Din, M. Z. (1976). Memoires of a Pakistani Dipomat. Peshawar, KP, Pakistan: University Book Agency, Peshawar.
  • Guardian. (2014, April). Narendra Modi, a man with a massacre on his hands, is not the reasonable choice for India. London, UK: Guardian.
  • Guardian. (2019, December 10). India. Retrieved from eguardian.com: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/ dec/10/india-braces-for-protests-over-citizenship-bill-excluding-muslims
  • Hebbar, N. (2019, June 1). News/National. Retrieved from thehindu.com: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/ narendra-modi-20-not-the-end-of-secularism-says-us-scholar-walter-andersen/article27401409.ece
  • Hindu, T. (2019, December 18). Data. Retrieved from thehindu.com: https://www.thehindu.com/data/data-persecution -of-minorities-among-indias-neighbours/article30338662. Ece
  • Indian Naitonal Citizenship Act https://time.com/5752186/india-protests-citizenship-act/ Retrieved on 18 January, 2020
  • Islam, S. (2006). Religious Dimention of Indian Nationaism: A study of RSS. India: Media House.
  • Khaitan, S. (2019, August 31). India Spend. Retrieved from wire.com: https://www.indiaspend.com/nrc-excludes-1-9-million-govt-had-said-there-were-5-million-illegal-immigrants-in-assam/
  • Kulkarni, P. (2018, October 7). History. Retrieved from wire.com: thewire.in/histroy/rss-hindutva Natonal Citizenship Bill Ammendment https://www.bbc.com/ news/world-asia-india-50670393 Retrived on 18, January, 2020
  • NYT. (2019, December 11). India. Retrieved from nytimes.com: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/11/world/asia/india-muslims-citizenship-narendra-modi.html
  • NYT. (2020, 17 January ). World . Retrieved from nytimes.com: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/17/world/asia/india-kashmir-camps.html Pankaj Srivastav Interviews Prof. Shamsul Islam on RSS, YouTube video, 17:52, “Newsclickin.” September 28, 2016 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TT8W3WcQF3I
  • Poddar, M. (2018). The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016: international law on religion-based discrimination and naturalisation law. Taylor & Fancis, 108-118.
  • PTI. (2015, March 11). new/india/rss. Retrieved from www.india.com: https://www.india.com/news/india/rsss-central-india-wing-about-2000-reconverted-to-hinduism-in-madhya-pradesh-318826/
  • Ramdani, N. (2019, September 20). Middle East Monitor.
  • State, D. o. (2019). 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: India. Washington DC: US Department of State.
  • Suparna, C. (2019, December 13). opinion. Retrieved from washingtonpost.com: https://www.washingtonpost.com/ politics/2019/12/13/indias-new-law-may-leave-millions-muslims-without-citizenship/
  • Talbot, I. (2011). Punjabi Refugees’ Rehabilitation and the Indian State: Discourses, Denials and Dissonances. In I. Talbot, Punjabi Refugees’ Rehabilitation and the Indian State: Discourses, Denials and Dissonances (pp. 109-130). Cambridge: Modern Asian Studies, Cambridge University .
  • Time. (2020, January 8). Ideas-India. Retrieved from time.com: https://time.com/5760597/what-happened-during-jnu-attack-india/
  • Traub, J. (2014, May 8). Is Modi's India safe for Muslims? Retrieved from foreignpolicy.com: https://foreignpolicy.com/ 2015/06/26/narendra-modi-india-safe-for-muslims-hindu-nationalism-bjp-rss/
  • UNHR. (2019, December 13). News and Events. Retrieved from ohchr.org: https://www.ohchr.org/en/NewsEvents/Pages/ DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25425&LangID=E youTube. (2016, September 28). Dr. Pnkaj Shrivastav Interviews Prof. Shamsul Islam on RSS. Retrieved from YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TT8W3WcQF3I
Birincil Dil en
Konular Beşeri Bilimler, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Research Article

Yazar: Muhammad TARIQ JAVED
Kurum: University of Peshawar
Ülke: Pakistan


Başvuru Tarihi : 19 Şubat 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 8 Temmuz 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2020

APA Tarıq Javed, M . (2020). Indian Citizenship Act: Reality and Usage . Turkish Research Journal of Academic Social Science , 3 (2) , 13-18 . Retrieved from http://www.turkishsocialscience.com/tr/pub/issue/57529/816801